Wema Bank Plc (WEMABA.ng) listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2013 abridged results.For more information about Wema Bank Plc (WEMABA.ng) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Wema Bank Plc (WEMABA.ng) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Wema Bank Plc (WEMABA.ng) 2013 abridged results.Company ProfileWema Bank Plc is a financial services institution in Nigeria providing banking products and services for the personal, commercial and corporate sectors. The company provides a full-service offering ranging from transactional accounts, savings account, loans and overdrafts to revolving credit, warehouse financing, letters of credit and invoice discounting/receivable refinancing. Trade services include bills for collection, shipping documents handling, trade finance, invisible trade, offshore guarantees and advisory services. Other products and services support small and medium-sized enterprises, foreign exchange, cash management, retail management and integrated revenue services. Founded in 1945, Wema Bank Plc now as an extensive network of some 125 branches in the major towns and cities of Nigeria. Its company head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. Wema Bank Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange
ArchDaily Manufacturers: AutoDesk, Blangino, Cerámica Santiago, Deca, Ducasse, FV, Jhonson, Masisa, Piazza, Procor Group, Trimble, ferrum Photographs: Gonzalo Viramonte Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Projects Year: Save this picture!© Gonzalo Viramonte+ 39Curated by Clara Ott Share “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/945302/azaleas-housing-complex-estudiolz Clipboard Azaleas Housing Complex / estudioLZ CopyHousing•Villa Allende, Argentina Argentina Area: 450 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Architects: estudioLZ Area Area of this architecture project Azaleas Housing Complex / estudioLZSave this projectSaveAzaleas Housing Complex / estudioLZ Photographs ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/945302/azaleas-housing-complex-estudiolz Clipboard Pablo Lorenzo Design Team:Pablo Lorenzo, Ana Laura Rivas, Guadalupe Navarro, Florencia Sanchez Bono, Emilia Bonetti, Francisca Rosa, Celeste Miret, Agostina Tavella, Mariano VillafañeClients:HABITARE SRL Engineering:Marcelo BonafeCity:Villa AllendeCountry:ArgentinaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteRecommended ProductsWoodLunawoodThermowood FacadesWoodAccoyaAccoya® Cladding, Siding & FacadesWoodEGGERLaminatesSkylightsJansenRoof Glazing – VISSText description provided by the architects. Azaleas is a housing complex consisting of 7 2-bedroom units and a shared swimming pool. It is located on a 600 sqm plot in the northern central area of the city of Villa Allende. It is an urban environment in constant renovation and mostly residential, with single-family housing prevailing. Its location is privileged due to its proximity to the city’s service infrastructure and shops.Save this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteSave this picture!AxonometricaSave this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteThe units are 63 sqm each and generated on two floors, on the upper level the private area with 2 bedrooms and 1 bathroom, and on the ground floor the social area, kitchen, dining room, living room, toilette, expansion to the outside, garage for one vehicle and barbecue.Save this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteSave this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteRegarding the genesis of the project, the idea is to recover the experience of the typical single-family house of the neighborhood, taking it to a possible scale and recovering the essential archetypes that shape a way of living architecture.Save this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteSave this picture!General PlanSave this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteThe geometry is articulated according to functional need, generating a dialogue between light and shadow that gives it a dynamic spatial perception according to the time and the season. The spaces are oriented seeking privacy from the other units, trying to gain a lot of natural light and generating intermediate expansions to the outside. The biggest challenge was to achieve quality in the homes, optimizing the available surface as much as possible.Save this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteSave this picture!Ground Floor PlanSave this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteIn all our projects we always focus on interpreting the environment and providing a logical and functional response to today’s needs, so the resulting architecture reflects the problem-solving exercise.Save this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteSave this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteSave this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteRegarding the aspect, it was sought to work in a homogeneous language in light tones to achieve spaciousness and a feeling of calm, noble materials such as granite mosaic and brick that express their nature and texture are used for the floors, generating contrast against the white volumes.Save this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteSave this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteAs per our technological resolution, we opted for a mixed structural system consisting of an exterior skin of bearing masonry and a metallic structure for the inner and the glass surface.Save this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteProject gallerySee allShow lessOutdoor Dining Could Become Permanent in NYC as Architects InnovateArticlesRubikum For Three Apartment / ARHITEKTURA / OFFICE FOR URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURESelected ProjectsProject locationAddress:Villa Allende, Córdoba, ArgentinaLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share Housing Lead Architects: 2020 “COPY” CopyAbout this officeestudioLZOfficeFollowProductSteel#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingVilla AllendeOn FacebookArgentinaPublished on August 10, 2020Cite: “Azaleas Housing Complex / estudioLZ” [Complejo de viviendas Azaleas / estudioLZ] 10 Aug 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021.
Facebook Matt Jenningshttps://www.tcu360.com/author/matt-jennings/ ReddIt printPlaying the No. 1 team in the district magnified and multiplied the Paschal baseball team’s mistakes Saturday night.The Panthers (11-10, 7-5 Dist. 4-6A) fell 11-4 to district-leading Arlington Martin (14-3, 11-1) as the Warriors put up eight runs in two innings to blow the game open. Paschal also aided the opposition’s cause with five errors and 11 walks.“Good teams are going to take advantage of your mistakes,” Paschal head coach Darrell Preston said. “I’m not trying to take anything away from them, but we made it a little bit easier on them instead of making them work for it.”Leading 3-1 through three innings, the Warriors poured on five runs in the fourth inning, three of them unearned. Two runners scored when first baseman William Floyd couldn’t handle a throw from third baseman Sergio Conchas. Another scored on an errant throw to first by pitcher Johnny Pulido as he tried to keep a runner from stealing, which brought the score to 6-1.Tristen Lutz capped off the scoring with a two-run blast that hit the scoreboard in left field to make it 8-1.In the bottom of the frame, Conchas cranked a leadoff solo homer on the first pitch he saw to make the score 8-2. He finished 3-for-3 with two doubles, a home run and 2 RBI. Preston said Conchas’ approach at the plate was the reason for his success.“Sergio went up there and the first good pitch he saw, he was on it,” Preston said. “He was ready to hit it and not miss it. He had a great night offensively. It’s just, unfortunately, we didn’t have any baserunners on in front of him.”But Lutz continued his great night at the plate in the fifth, hitting a double that brought in two runs thanks to an errant throw home. He then scored from third on a sacrifice fly by Tony Delefippo to give Martin an 11-2 lead.“When you give good ballclubs opportunities by walking guys and making errors, a good team’s going to take advantage of those,” Preston said. “I’m not trying to take anything away from them, but those eight runs in those two innings were gifts.”Conchas had an RBI double in the sixth and Brooks Williams had one of his own in the seventh to score the final two runs of the game and make it 11-4.Junior pitcher Austin Smith got the start for the Panthers, but he went just two innings and allowed four walks.Junior Eric Walker, an LSU commit and the ace of the Martin staff, started for the Warriors. Walker went six innings, giving up three runs with five strikeouts and a walk.Martin’s Grant Jones opened up the scoring with a sacrifice fly in the second to bring Mick Skeffington in from third and make it 1-0.Lutz hit an RBI sacrifice fly in the third to increase the Martin lead to 2-0, at which point Preston pulled Smith in favor of senior Jacob Rico. Rico then committed a balk to let Josh Watson score from third and make it 3-0. In the bottom of the third, Reese McDonald had an infield hit and then scored from third on a passed ball to pull the Panthers back within two runs at 3-1.It was win No. 500 for Martin head coach Curt Culbertson, whose team has clinched at least a second-place finish in the district.“I wish it didn’t have to come against us, but he runs a good program over there,” Preston said. “He’s a good coach. That’s a lot of wins, and I’m happy for him.” Facebook ‘Dynamic’ Thomas does it all Matt Jenningshttps://www.tcu360.com/author/matt-jennings/ Linkedin Matt Jenningshttps://www.tcu360.com/author/matt-jennings/ ‘Dynamic’ Thomas does it all Abortion access threatened as restrictive bills make their way through Texas Legislature Matt Jennings Previous articleSt. Andrew Catholic Church feeds thousands monthlyNext articleTwo new H&M locations coming to Fort Worth Matt Jennings RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twitter Paschal controls own fate heading into Friday finale Twitter Matt Jenningshttps://www.tcu360.com/author/matt-jennings/ IMAGE: Head to head + posts Linkedin Grains to grocery: One bread maker brings together farmers and artisans at locally-sourced store ReddIt Fort Worth set to elect first new mayor in 10 years Saturday
Previous Article Next Article News roundupOn 4 Jan 2000 in Personnel Today Comments are closed. Related posts:No related photos. This month’s news roundup.Byers voices concern at training pastThe UK’s history of supporting training is not something to be proud of,Secretary of State for Trade & Industry Stephen Byers said last month. He was speaking at Putting Training at the Heart of Business, a one-dayconference organised by Training and The Industrial Society as part of theTD2000 campaign.He said employers need to invest more in training to remain competitive andmeet the challenge of the new economy. “The first industrial revolutionrequired investment in plant and machinery. The new revolution based onknowledge requires an investment in training,” he said.Byers said many employers have cut their spending on training and reducedthe time off for staff to develop skills. “This is a matter of greatconcern,” he added.New Deal reportThe Training Standards Council has published the first inspection reports onthe New Deal initiative. TSC chief inspector David Sherlock said although theNew Deal has made a good start and is general well regarded by participants,more work still needs to be done on the way the initiative is managed on theground. He added, “Employment outcomes from the options should be betterthan they usually are.”The reports are available at www.tsc.gov.ukUfI newsBT has become the first major company to announce a decision to use andnetwork UfI learning materials across its entire organisation. Employees willhave access to UfI’s learning materials alongside BT’s own training materialsas part of the BT Academy from the autumn when UfI goes into full nationaloperation.A one-month TV campaign by UfI’s learndirect brand started on 19 March. The£5m campaign is aimed at stimulating demand for learning.The three adverts will reach 86 per cent of the TV viewing population ofEngland, Wales and Northern Ireland.Learning at Work DayThis year’s Learning at Work Day will take place on Thursday 25 May. As wellas encouraging employers to organise the usual “learning lunch hours”and workplace reading groups, this year’s event will incorporate a National JobSwap Day organised in conjunction with totaljobs.com.For more information see www.campaign-for-learning.org.uk or contact theLearning at Work Day call centre on 0117-966 7755Give, give, giveVolunteer work by employees could become a major element in personaldevelopment following a speech last month by the Prime Minister in which heencouraged people to give more time to charitable causes. Tony Blair said he intends to lead by example, and was giving every memberof the Number 10 staff the chance to have a day’s paid leave to take part involuntary charitable activities.Sainsbury’s is also reported to have signed up to a scheme to give its stafftime off to work in the community. Cabinet Secretary Sir Richard Wilson will beencouraging all government departments to give their employees a day each yearto volunteer.
Two decades into the 21st century there is growing evidence for global impacts of Antarctic and Southern Ocean climate change. Reliable estimates of how the Antarctic climate system would behave under a range of scenarios of future external climate forcing are thus a high priority. Output from new model simulations coordinated as part of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) provides an opportunity for a comprehensive analysis of the latest generation of state‐of‐the‐art climate models following a wider range of experiment types and scenarios than previous CMIP phases. Here the main broad‐scale 21st century Antarctic projections provided by the CMIP6 models are shown across four forcing scenarios: SSP1‐2.6, SSP2‐4.5, SSP3‐7.0 and SSP5‐8.5. End‐of‐century Antarctic surface‐air temperature change across these scenarios (relative to 1995–2014) is 1.3, 2.5, 3.7 and 4.8°C. The corresponding proportional precipitation rate changes are 8, 16, 24 and 31%. In addition to these end‐of‐century changes, an assessment of scenario dependence of pathways of absolute and global‐relative 21st century projections is conducted. Potential differences in regional response are of particular relevance to coastal Antarctica, where, for example, ecosystems and ice shelves are highly sensitive to the timing of crossing of key thresholds in both atmospheric and oceanic conditions. Overall, it is found that the projected changes over coastal Antarctica do not scale linearly with global forcing. We identify two factors that appear to contribute: (a) a stronger global‐relative Southern Ocean warming in stabilisation (SSP2‐4.5) and aggressive mitigation (SSP1‐2.6) scenarios as the Southern Ocean continues to warm and (b) projected recovery of Southern Hemisphere stratospheric ozone and its effect on the mid‐latitude westerlies. The major implication is that over coastal Antarctica, the surface warming by 2100 is stronger relative to the global mean surface warming for the low forcing compared to high forcing future scenarios.
Facebook Previous articleButtigieg: No milage tax, no middle class tax hike to pay for infrastructure billNext articleHoosiers advised to resist conducting citizen sting operations Brooklyne Beatty (Photo supplied/South Bend Community School Corporation) The Citywide Classroom South Bend partnership has expanded eligibility to all South Bend Community School Corporation students throughout the district.So far, during a needs-based rollout of at-home internet connections and WiFi hotspots, nearly 1,000 connections were distributed to households in South Bend to connect more than 1,700 students.Data from the U.S. Census Bureau shows approximately 30 percent of South Bend’s households lack home internet access.$1.8-million provided through the Governor’s Emergency Education Relief grant allows for more than 2,200 at-home internet packages and 2,000 WiFi hotspots to be distributed to students throughout the City.To apply, families should visit citywideclassroomsb.org, or contact administrators at their student’s school. Google+ By Brooklyne Beatty – March 31, 2021 0 214 WhatsApp IndianaLocalNewsSouth Bend Market Twitter Twitter Pinterest Citywide Classroom South Bend partnership expanding eligibility Facebook Pinterest WhatsApp TAGSaccessat-homeCitywide Classroom South BendexpandingexpansionfreeIndianainternetpartnershipSouth BendstudentWiFi hotspot Google+
Terry Tang, last year’s winner of the Celebration Cake Maker of the Year at the Baking Industry Awards (BIA), will appear in a Sky One television series this November.The Liverpool-based cake decorator will feature in one episode of Winners, a new series created by Superhero TV, which follows the stories of individuals who take part in competitions based around their jobs.It will look at the ups and downs of entering competitions and what drives people to get involved.Tang told British Baker: “The episode we are featured in is obviously all around the cake industry, and winning Celebration Cake Maker of the Year helped to raise our profile. So when it came to the TV company researching possible candidates for the show, Terry’s name kept popping up due to the Award.”Tang, his wife Carol, and daughter Leanne, 2008 winner of BIA’s Celebration Cake Maker of the Year Award, have been filmed at the Terry Tang Designer Cakes retail outlet on Picton Road in Wavertree. In addition, film crews followed the cake decorating father and daughter team to two exhibitions in London – Salon Culinaire at Hotelympia and Cake International at ExCeL.Leanne picked up the first-place Gold award for her entry in the Shoes and Bags category at this year’s Cake International exhibition. Terry scooped the first place Gold award in the Decorative Exhibit class and claimed the Best in Show title for his oriental-themed cake featuring a dragon, tiger and traditional Japanese man – all made of chocolate – as part of a waterfall scene.Tang added: “I am really excited to be part of the programme, I have always enjoyed competing and to be on Sky One television winning again makes it even better.”Michele Kurland, head of factual entertainment for Sky, said: “This series of very special one-off features is driven by superb characters that reflect a characteristically British sense of competitiveness. Warm, celebratory and with access to all walks of life, Sky customers will be immersed in worlds full of charm, coveted rosettes and those that live to lift the winning cup.”Read the 10 August issue of British Baker to see how Terry Tang started off in cake decorating and how he won the Celebration Cake Maker of the Year award at the 2011 BIAs.
ParcelHero, an international courier specialising in UK-US deliveries, says Donald Trump’s presidential victory could be good news for UK businesses that trade regularly with the US.Republican Trump will become the 45th US president after a surprise win against Hillary Clinton in the contest to become the next American President.David Jinks, head of consumer relations at ParcelHero, said UK companies that trading with the US could benefit from a possible fall in the value of the dollar in the short term. In the longer term, US-EU Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) free-trade negotiations could collapse, enabling post-Brexit Britain to strike an independent deal with the US.Jinks went into detail on the short-term and long-term points:Short term:• Any immediate fall in the dollar means US-made products are a more attractive buy.• Purchases made from China, through Alibaba, are in US dollars. Alibaba is a key source of wholesale products for many UK importers. This means the price of Chinese imports through Alibaba will fall• The Singles Day sale (Friday 11 November) in China is the biggest shopping day in the world. UK importers will be able to buy cheap and pass on savings when they re-sell on Black Friday/Cyber Monday.Long term:• The proposed TTIP between the US and EU, supported by Hillary Clinton initially, would have effectively been a free-trade agreement between the two blocs, abolishing tariffs and delays at US Customs. Trump is against any such agreement. Instead, he will look to strike separate deals with different trading blocs, while protecting some US industries and businesses.• Trump has gone on record in saying the UK will certainly not be “at the back of the queue” when it comes to trade deals with the US. He made these comments back in May following Obama’s threat Britain would go to the back of the trade negotiation queue if people voted to leave the EU. Trump’s trade advisor Dan DiMicco has recently stated Britain would be a higher priority for a deal than the EU. “Why shouldn’t we be working with like-minded people before we do a deal with anybody else?” he asked.• Currently tariffs between the EU including Britain and the USA are all over the place and need sorting out. For example, we pay a 10% duty on US made cars; whereas US citizens pay 2.5% duties on EU-built cars. Imagine a situation where the UK (post Brexit) and US strike a deal that removes duties; but the US drags its heals doing the same with the EU. A US-build Jeep, for example, would be 10% cheaper here than in the EU; and a UK-built £50,000 Jaguar would be over £1000 cheaper to buy in the US than an equivalently priced EU-built Mercedes. That will boost UK exports.ParcelHero is a member of the government’s Exporting is GREAT initiative and has already seen a marked increase in shipments to the US this year, to exploit the new US Duty threshold which increased this year from $200 to $800In other news, during the US election night, a cake resembling Donald Trump’s head made its way into Trump Tower, New York, just before the polls began to close. Photos of it being wheeled in were quickly posted to social media and it instantly became the subject of hundreds of memes on Twitter.
The travelling musical circus that is Dead & Company arrived at New York’s Citi Field last night, and they brought a special guest and some serious jams with them. As the band emerged to tune their instruments and settle in for the beginning of the first set, Donna Jean Godchaux emerged and took a spot on stage between Oteil Burbridge and John Mayer. After joining the band for the first time for an incredible, festival-closing performance at Bonnaroo, Deadheads wondered if they’d see Godchaux again, and it turns out she is a secret-weapon of sorts for when Dead & Company plays to larger audiences. Citi Field’s spacious capacity of 45,000 qualifies as huge, so when the band hit the first notes of a show-opening “Shakedown Street”, it was met with a huge roar and a wave of dancing fans.After the fun “Shakedown” opener, the band switched gears to powerful versions of “Jack Straw” and “Althea”. Mayer’s guitar prowess was on full display during this opening run, as he absolutely destroyed every opportunity he had to make his mark, soloing his way through all three songs like a true champion of improvisation and sending the crowd into a frenzy multiple times as a result.Watch Dead & Company rip through “Jack Straw,” below.“Loose Lucy” and the plodding “Ramble on Rose” were up next, giving the crowd a big sing-a-long moment with Bob Weir, who was in great spirits all night, as he passionately lead the band as they jammed throughout the evening. Perhaps the highlight of the first set, however, was a sultry, swampy take on “Sugaree”. Mayer has really made this song his own while playing with Dead & Company, as the song is an excellent fit for his vocal range, and the bluesy tune is perfect for his style of guitar playing. Set One came to a conclusion with the band’s second-ever performance of “Passenger” and a rockin’ “Casey Jones” that turned on the the heat towards the end, and left the crowd excited for the fireworks that were on-deck for set two. Before walking off stage, Bob Weir made sure to mention Headcount and their Participation Row initiative taking place on D&C tour, as Weir told the audience to find their desk inside the stadium to register to vote.Set two started with the spacey, floating opening of “Dark Star,” and the band turned in a relentless, wild version of the famous jam launchpad. The trio of Mayer, Burbridge, and organist Jeff Chimenti were incredible together, weaving through the song with excitement as they built it to a climax. Suddenly, the band was playing “Friend of the Devil”, and the intensity of “Dark Star” turned into a huge moment for fans to catch their breath and sing along with the band. It was good timing, as the legendary “Scarlet Begonias” -> “Fire On The Mountain” combo was up next, and it certainly didn’t disappoint. The night’s energy reached a peak as the band transitioned between the two songs, and the band performed the duo of classics with passion. The band built “Fire” up and out of nowhere a thumping beat started, and it was time for “Drums” > “Space.” The famous percussive segment started out with a bumping beat, which eventually dissolved into a Bill Kreutzmann and Mickey Hart-led musical freakout.Out of the wild “Space” segment, the percussive opening of “The Other One” could be heard breaking through the madness, and Weir then led the band through the intense tune.After a beautiful version of “Wharf Rat”, Dead & Company closed out the show with a band debut from the Dead’s catalog, Weir’s classic political rocker “Throwing Stones”. The song was met with jubilation, and the “ashes, ashes all fall down” lyric could be heard being howled into the sky by the huge crowd.Dead & Company returned to the stage for a two-song encore that perfectly showcased the band’s diverse style. As Mayer emerged from the backstage with an acoustic guitar and, to the delight of the hometown crowd, a Mets jersey, the band played the beloved ballad “Ripple” to open the encore. After a final sing-a-long moment, the band closed things out with an up-tempo version of “One More Saturday Night”, which wasn’t exactly a surprise, but still left fans dancing wildly, given one last opportunity to dance before the unforgettable night came to a close.Dead & Company return to Citi Field this evening to complete their two-night-run.Setlist: Dead & Company at Citi Field, New York, NY – 6/25/2016Set One: Shakedown Street, Jack Straw, Althea, Loose Lucy, Ramble On Rose, Sugaree, Passenger, Casey JonesSet Two: Dark Star -> Friend of the Devil, Scarlet Begonias -> Fire on the Mountain, Drums -> Space -> The Other One, Wharf Rat, Throwing StonesEncore: Ripple, One More Saturday NightCheck out a full gallery of photos from Chad Anderson Photography, below. Load remaining images
As part of its commitment to expand research, development, and education in a scientific field that will underpin the next generation of innovative materials and devices for high-speed computing, networking, and ultra-precise sensing, the University today launched the Harvard Quantum Initiative (HQI).The initiative is intended to bring together a new scientific community, in concert with national efforts to accelerate progress in quantum technology.“The Harvard Quantum Initiative will support excellence on the ever-shifting frontiers of science and engineering,” said President Larry Bacow. “The diversity of expertise among our faculty creates a nutrient-rich environment in which this emerging discipline can flourish, and I am excited to see the ways in which collaboration with other partners speeds progress.”The ability to manipulate matter on the quantum level has implications for everything from the production of oxygen in plants to understanding the fundamental nature of the universe. Quantum sensors, materials, and computing could transform society, but the full range of quantum applications and their impact remain open questions.HQI will be co-directed by John Doyle, Henry B. Silsbee Professor of Physics at the Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS); Evelyn Hu, Tarr-Coyne Professor of Applied Physics and of Electrical Engineering at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences; and Mikhail Lukin, George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics at FAS. We asked them about the new initiative, and what it means for the future.Q&AJohn Doyle, Evelyn Hu, Mikhail LukinGAZETTE: The quantum revolution is here. How will it shape our future?DOYLE: Predicting things doesn’t often work well, as history shows us. However, if you trace any of the major changes that have occurred in our technological society, they often started with a tool that was much better than what was done before. No one knew exactly what it would be good for but invariably it led to something amazing.HU: We like to use an analogy with another “revolution maker”: the transistor. Researchers who worked on the idea may have had a vision of its possible importance, but they had no idea that their first, ungainly prototype would be the progenitor for switches the size of a few atoms. They couldn’t have known that it would start the information revolution that you see all around you, with laptops, tablets, and smart phones everywhere you look. Quantum is the same: It’s a new frontier that we sense is of enormous importance but are only just starting to comprehend.LUKIN: New developments in quantum science are meeting the emerging field of quantum engineering, and that means we can start transforming theories into useful systems and devices. Many different fields are all converging to form this new discipline, and at Harvard we have extraordinarily strong expertise in each of them. The Harvard Quantum Initiative lets us take full advantage of this to really push the frontiers of science and innovation.,GAZETTE: Let’s start with the basics. What is quantum engineering?LUKIN: Our experience of the physical world is pretty consistent, right? But at the atomic level Newton’s laws break down, and just about everything can be described as both a particle and a wave. Particles you can picture as electrons whizzing around a nucleus — the classic drawing. Waves are conceptually different — they can interfere with each other in a way that particles usually don’t. So reality in the microscopic world is very weird.HU: In principle, any object, like this table, can be in multiple places — say, Boston and New York — at the same time. You have to suspend your disbelief for a moment and accept that on some level, this table is both here and there. That “coherent superposition” of the states of the table is a profoundly different way of viewing information transfer. Companies are increasingly beginning to invest in that idea so they are ready to exploit it.LUKIN: This isn’t some kind of obscure observation. Over the past 100 years, many experiments have shown that coherent superpositions occur so often that it is accepted as simply the way things are. There are already technologies out there that make use of these effects. Quantum sensors use them to build measurement devices, for example to perform extremely high-resolution MRI experiments. That might seem like a small thing, but small things can be completely disruptive for entire industries.GAZETTE: What industries?LUKIN: Computers are among the most discussed applications of quantum technologies, but there are very exciting scientific frontiers being opened up across many fields. Quantum science and engineering can help us understand the fundamental nature of our universe and explore complex physical and chemical phenomena at a level we could not have imagined before. All of these developments are enabled by the ability to fully control systems and devices all the way down to the single-atom level.DOYLE: We are able to control the quantum “weirdness” in a way we weren’t before. Transistors wouldn’t have worked without quantum effects — but that’s billions of electrons behaving as a kind of swarm. Now, we’re manipulating single electrons to act in a highly specific way. That is much more powerful and you can do a lot more with it than build computers. When biologists use tools out of physics, like they will with quantum, medicine is never too far behind.GAZETTE: What makes quantum computing so exciting?LUKIN: Quantum super-positioning makes it possible to process information in an entirely new way, and to run large number of queries in parallel.DOYLE: For me, the most exciting thing is that we can explore the limits of controlling the quantum world. We can ask, how big a fully controlled object can we make? If we can control each quantum particle in a machine that is bigger than 10‒50 atoms, we’ll have something with immense computational power. That’s why we think quantum is going to be revolutionary.HU: Just think, if you really had that degree of control over electrons, over spins, over atoms in a crystal or in gas phase, you could basically control the exchange of energy at an enormously sensitive and precise level. You could make devices of unparalleled energy efficiency in addition to doing all the magic things that quantum mechanics promises.GAZETTE: You’ve been working on quantum concepts and devices for a while. Why launch an initiative now? Why Harvard?DOYLE: It’s very simple: The technology has got to the point where we can control single quantum objects, put them together in a way that resembles a computer, and run a kind of simulation. In the next five years we see these tools exploding the possibilities of doing science and engineering.HU: Harvard has an excellent, long-standing record of contributions to quantum science. In addition, natural collaborations in quantum have arisen from Harvard researchers working in science and engineering. These have already borne fruit and broadened the reaches of our “quantum frontiers.”LUKIN: Many of the truly pioneering developments in quantum science and engineering happened in laboratories here in Cambridge at Harvard and at MIT. Working together to solve challenging problems helps enormously in terms of progress and productivity, and we have a long tradition of doing that.HU: Now is the time to move on investing in quantum science and engineering. Some large companies are beginning to invest in quantum computation, but there is an enormous amount of basic science that still needs to be done, from new quantum algorithms to clarifying the engineering complexities for quantum systems. We also need to formulate the right educational infrastructure to train future professionals in this field. Harvard has committed to building momentum in quantum science, engineering, education, and business so we can knit together a strong community of students, faculty, and inventors who share a common vision and enthusiasm.GAZETTE: You talk about students being future leaders. How will the Harvard Quantum Initiative affect them?LUKIN: Our most important mission at Harvard is to educate students. And in this new field, we need a new generation of scientists and engineers who can work across the borders between traditional disciplines.HU: It’s no longer good enough to just borrow little bits and pieces from different departments. It’s time to re-examine not only how we do research, but how we teach. There was a time when there was no computer concentration — just physics and math. Then something changed, and now computer science is one of the concentrations most espoused by young students. Changes like that happen because the intellectual frontier is never static. New areas of inquiry and exploration are always opening up at the interfaces of fields of study, and that is what’s happening with quantum engineering and science.DOYLE: Education is the reason I’m at a university. We teach students how to learn and think critically, using subject matter — physics, biology, the classics — as a kind of humus in which they can grow. In that sense, we’ll do what we always do at Harvard: train our students for the future, hone their intellectual skills, and broaden their horizons, now using the latest ideas from science and engineering.GAZETTE: Why work with industry?LUKIN: Quantum technologies are fueling a number of startup companies, but at this point in time, no one knows how to build truly large-scale quantum computers. And people don’t know what they would be useful for, even if we could build them. But this is what always happens with truly disruptive technologies. The scientific and technological challenges in front of us are significant, and to address them it’s very important for scientists and engineers to work together.DOYLE: One of our goals is to create those channels of communication and spark new collaborations with companies. They bring quite a lot to our educational enterprise. To make those connections they need a place to go, and we need to be able to understand what they can do — and what they’d like to do — in this area. HQI is primed to do exactly that.GAZETTE: Does this mean you’re going to be collaborating with startups?HU: We’ll be collaborating with all kinds of companies, of all sizes. Quantum has the potential to change business models across industry, to change things for everyone.LUKIN: For quantum to emerge as a real presence for the common person — and for the common person to benefit — we need to collaborate and raise the bar across the board. This is not the kind of task that one of us is going to solve on his or her own. Building community is essential. Our initiative is about melding the capacities of universities, government labs, established companies, and startups. It’s absolutely not the case that we’ve finished with the basic science and now it’s just an engineering task to build these devices. The foundational science that will allow us to build practical quantum devices still needs to be done — it’s still ahead of us.HU: And that is really exciting.This interview has been edited for clarity and length.