Can We Just Pretend Morality Is Real?

first_imgA survey experiment showed that people who believe morals are like facts are more charitable than those who consider morals mere subjective opinions.In “‘Moral Realism’ May Lead to Better Moral Behavior,” Science Daily reported on a survey by Liane Young, assistant professor of psychology at Boston College.  Her survey team went out seeking donations for charity.  Before requesting money, the canvassers asked a leading question that “primed” the respondent to consider whether morality involves objective facts or mere cultural opinions.  The ones primed with “moral realism” gave more money.  Young got similar results with an online survey.  Control groups were not “primed” with the leading questions.Since “real” moral stakes may be accompanied by “real” consequences — whether good (e.g., helping others, enhanced self-esteem) or bad (e.g., retribution), priming a belief in moral realism may in fact prompt people to behave better, in line with their existing moral beliefs, the researchers say.This conclusion makes no judgment about moral realism or anti-realism.  It just states what works.This is a modern form of behaviorism: an amoral, godless psychological theory that denies the reality of mental states, and just observes outward behaviors.  Behaviorists seek to find what kinds of manipulative actions produce predictable behaviors.  But who decides what behavior is “better” without unchanging standards?  In the wrong hands, this kind of information could lead unscrupulous leaders to manipulate people for the leader’s own purposes.Either morality is real, like unchangeable facts, or it evolves.  If it evolves, what is considered evil today could become “good” in another time and culture.  Unless there are moral absolutes, therefore, there are no morals at all.  We need to promote “moral realism” not just because it produces someone’s opinion of desirable results, but because it is true. (Visited 17 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Water services: have your say

first_img12 February 2003Water Affairs and Forestry Minister Ronnie Kasrils has invited the public to comment on the Draft Water Services White Paper, which aims to improve water and sanitation supply in the country. Kasrils said the government is working to improve people’s water and sanitation services, and is concerned that most people are not aware of their rights and responsibilities, as well as the rights and obligations of their municipalities.Government’s policy is that:Everyone is entitled to a basic supply of 25 litres of clean water per day, or 6 000 litres per household per month – although some municipalities are not yet able to supply this. No one should be without a water supply for more than seven full days in any year. If a public supply is interrupted for more than 24 hours, the municipality should inform residents and make arrangements for emergency supplies. People who cannot afford to pay for water are still entitled to a free basic water supply, even in cases where people are unable to pay their water bills. It is a criminal offence to connect to a public water supply without municipality permission, since this could harm other water users. People who are unable to pay their water bill should make arrangements with their municipality. Even if people do not receive an account, they are still responsible for ensuring payment. Municipalities may restrict people to the free basic amount, but may not withhold this basic supply. However, people who interfere with the water restrictor system may face total water cut-off, as they may harm other people in their community. Municipalities must inform people before they discontinued their services, and must also have a consumer service where people can lodge complaints.According to Kasrils, the Draft Water Services White Paper seeks to address these and other concerns. The Draft Paper is available online (in .pdf format), or from Innocent Ndlovu at (012) 336-6555.The deadline for comments has been extended to 28 February 2003. Comments and further inquiries should be addressed to Thuli Khambule, and can be e-mailed to [email protected] or faxed to (012) 323-3877. Khambule can also be contacted by telephone at (012) 336-6527.Source: BuaNewslast_img read more

Trump welcomes college sports champions to the White House

first_imgBrace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Trump posed for photos with the players throughout the Rose Garden, South Lawn and inside the White House and then sent them off to the Oval Office for a quick tour. At one point, the president playfully got into a wrestling pose with members of the Penn State men’s team.Chatting with the Ohio State men’s volleyball team, he popped a colorful volleyball into the air.When Trump spotted Maryland lacrosse attacker Dylan Maltz wearing a blue Trump ’16 tie, he pumped his hand and brought him to the front of the team’s riser near the South Lawn. “Look at that, folks,” Trump said, holding up the tie to journalists.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutIn the Red Room of the White House, the NRA-backed Trump greeted the West Virginia’s co-ed rifle team by saying, “We saved the Second Amendment!” Then he asked, “So who is the best shot?” At another point, joined by Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, Trump bowed his head in prayer along with members of the Oklahoma softball team.South Carolina coach Dawn Staley said after her team won the NCAA title in April that it would go to the White House if invited because “it’s what it stands for. It’s what national champions do.” She told The Associated Press in late September that she hadn’t received an invite and “that spoke volumes.” Maryland lacrosse player Dylan Maltz, of Ashburn, Va., shows off his tie to President Donald Trump as Trump meets with NCAA championship teams at the White House, Friday, Nov. 17, 2017, in Washington. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)WASHINGTON — Indoors and out, the White House was overrun with school spirit Friday as President Donald Trump welcomed college sports champions and declared them “great athletes.” Too many of them to fit in one room, the teams took up positions all around the mansion for separate photo ops with the president.In all, 18 NCAA teams attended the event at the White House; South Carolina’s women’s basketball team declined the invitation.Teams including the Texas A&M women’s equestrian team, Pennsylvania State University’s women’s rugby team, and the University of Washington’s women’s rowing team gathered around the White House grounds to be recognized for their championships.ADVERTISEMENT Danica Patrick to end racing career at next year’s Indy 500 Read Next CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA In a statement Thursday night, Staley said the team did end up hearing from the White House but chose not to attend.“As I’ve been saying since our practices for this season started, all of our focus is on the season ahead,” she said. “The only invitation we are thinking about is to the 2018 NCAA Tournament.”Trump sparred with professional athletes earlier this year when NBA star Stephen Curry said his championship-winning Golden State Warriors didn’t wish to meet with Trump. The feud erupted as Trump was lambasting NFL athletes for kneeling in protest during the national anthem.North Carolina’s men’s basketball team said earlier this year it could not agree on a date for a visit. Trump hosted the Air Force Academy football team at the White House for a Commander-in-Chief’s trophy ceremony in May and the champion Clemson Tigers football team in June.Other champion schools at the White House on Friday included: the University of Oklahoma’s men’s golf, women’s and men’s gymnastics, the University of Maryland women’s lacrosse, the University of Virginia’s men’s tennis, Arizona State University women’s triathlon, University of Florida baseball, McKendree University’s women’s bowling, Texas A&M men’s indoor track and field, and University of Utah skiing.ADVERTISEMENT Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion LATEST STORIEScenter_img Kris Aquino ‘pretty chill about becoming irrelevant’ Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 View comments Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss PLAY LIST 02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes00:58Trump blames media, Democrats for impeachment during Kentucky rally01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort MOST READlast_img read more

3 days agoPeschisolido hails Wilder for Sheffield Utd impact

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Peschisolido hails Wilder for Sheffield Utd impactby Paul Vegas3 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveFormer Sheffield United striker Paul Peschisolido is delighted seeing the club back in the Premier League.Peschisolido was speaking before last night’s win over Arsenal.He told The Star: “It’s great to see United back where they are.”How can you not be impressed by the job Chris (Wilder) has done? It’s been brilliant. There’s just no way to criticise anything that’s happened there.””One of the things I really like is that the dressing room just seems to be filled with normal blokes,” Peschisolido added, drawing parallels between Wilder’s team and the one Neil Warnock built. “And that’s what the fans at United want to see; people playing good football but above all else, giving everything for the shirt. I know our one did and, from the outside looking in, with everything you hear, you can see that Chris’ dressing room also runs itself.” last_img read more

Ohio State defensive line adopting a pack mentality to replace departed starters

OSU then-redshirt freshman defensive end Sam Hubbard (6) celebrates after a fumble recovery during a game against Penn State on Oct. 17 at Ohio Stadium. Credit: Samantha Hollingshead | Photo EditorThe change in seasons is not the only change this spring at the Woody Hayes Athletic Center. With 22 players having departed the program, the remaining players and staff for the Ohio State football team are left trying to fill those voids. A lot of that change can be seen in the defensive line. A gaping hole at the right side of that line is leaving many wondering how OSU will fare without Joey Bosa. Bosa, a two-time winner of the Big Ten’s Smith-Brown Defensive Lineman of the Year award and a projected first-round pick in the upcoming NFL draft, leaves big shoes to fill. OSU defensive line coach Larry Johnson said he believes that the new contributors don’t need to be carbon copies of the player they’re stepping in for but can find ways to make themselves successful in different ways. “My philosophy is that you don’t try to replace them, you just try and find a guy to raise their game to the next level,” Johnson said. “I think the talent is there, and they want to be very good. What I do as a coach is to try and get them to raise their game.” Redshirt sophomore defensive end Sam Hubbard is one such player expected to raise his game to the next level. The 6-foot-5 Cincinnati native is well aware that the ghost of No. 97’s shadow will be looming over the defensive line all season long, but he’s trying to avoid that pressure. “I don’t want to be Joey Bosa,” Hubbard said. “He’s a great player, but I just want to be the best Sam Hubbard.”Fortunately for Hubbard, he was able to accumulate enough experience last season to set him up for his newfound spotlight. Hubbard, who recorded 6.5 sacks as a redshirt freshman, was in the rotation, often giving Bosa a few downs off or even playing on opposite sides of the line. His biggest test, however, was when he replaced Bosa after the starter was ejected in the first quarter against Notre Dame in the Fiesta Bowl. From that point forward, Hubbard said he knew he needed to be a leader of the unit. “I used to watch the older guys, and now the younger guys are watching me,” Hubbard said. “There are great players that came before us, and if we have any drop off, then our possibility of losing the game is higher. We have to continue at the level of play that is expected at Ohio State.”One of the younger guys who could be a factor next year has a familiar surname: Nick Bosa. Before he even takes a snap donning scarlet and gray, one of the most highly touted recruits in the nation already has exceedingly high expectations. Although Nick Bosa is still on the road to recovery after sustaining a torn ACL as a high school senior, Johnson said he believes that once the younger Bosa gets back to work after his injury, the sky’s the limit.“He is so far ahead in his rehab right now, and we are talking and communicating. I am getting great video of what he is doing,” Johnson said. Johnson and his staff have yet to make a decision on where on the defensive line Nick Bosa will play. His older brother played on the outside, but the incoming freshman could find himself on the interior.“He can do both,” Johnson said. “We are going to see what’s the best fit for him and put the best 11 guys on the field. If he is a part of the best 11, we are going for it.”Alongside Hubbard is Tyquan Lewis, a redshirt junior defensive end from North Carolina. After playing through a shoulder injury last year, Lewis is spending his spring rehabilitating to get back and lead the younger guys. For Lewis, though, it’s not about one guy but the whole unit defensively. “We all have to play within ourselves but understand that we are playing together as one,” Lewis said. “The expectations for all of us are high because this is big-time football at a big-time university, so we want to make sure everyone gets a piece of the pie.”The culture that Johnson is helping bring to the defensive line is to limit the expectations of the individual but heighten expectations of the unit. This kind of collectivist thinking is influencing the players to think of themselves as one of 11. Hubbard, a primary leader of the defensive line, said he sets the example for not only the younger guys but for the entire defense.“I just want to never lose a rep, be a disruption, make plays, do my job, and be my one-eleventh part of the defense that everyone can rely on,” Hubbard said.OSU is set to make its return to the field on Saturday in the annual intrasquad spring game. Kickoff is set for 1:30 p.m. at Ohio Stadium following the men’s lacrosse game against Michigan. read more

Mens hockey Lack of offense hurts No 12 Buckeyes in series finale

Ohio State freshman defenseman Matt Miller fights for the puck against a Michigan forward against the Wolverines on Feb. 25 at the Schottenstein Center. Credit: Alexa Mavrogianis | Photo EditorEntering the weekend, Ohio State and Michigan averaged 11 combined goals per game in their last six contests. After a 4-2 victory at home Friday night, the Buckeyes’ (17-9-6, 8-7-1-1) offense went silent in the series finale, falling in a quiet Game Two to the rivaled Wolverines, 1-0.The lone goal in the game from Michigan freshman forward Nick Pastujov sealed the win for the visitors, who recorded just their first regulation win in 2017. The loss drops the Scarlet and Gray to 6-6-2 at the Schottenstein Center this year, and marks their first shutout loss at home since 2012 — a 4-0 loss to the Wolverines.“I thought we chased it from the start,” coach Steve Rohlik said following the loss. “Give credit to Michigan, give credit to their goaltender. They did what they had to do to come in here to win a game.”Similarly to Game One, the Scarlet and Gray controlled the tempo the opening half of the first period — but the Wolverines (10-17-3, 3-11-2-2) again found the back of the net first. Freshman forward Nick Pastujov cashed in from close range to give the visitors a 1-0 lead with a little over 10 minutes remaining on his first goal of the season.Five minutes later, Michigan senior forward Max Shuart found himself one-on-one with OSU senior goaltender Christian Frey for a chance to quickly double the lead just outside the crease. However, the Buckeyes’ netminder prevailed with a pad save to keep the one-goal deficit into the first intermission.Even on shots out of the locker room, OSU continued to pepper Wolverines’ senior goaltender Zach Nagelvoort throughout the period, searching for the equalizer. Rohlik’s squad provided a number of opportunities to level the scoreline, but the nation’s third-ranked offense lacked the finishing touch in front of net and struggled to bury its chances.“(Chances) are so close at times with scrums in front of the net, and you wonder why they’re just not going, but it’s just kind of how it goes sometimes,” senior forward and captain Nick Schilkey said. “You can’t quit on it….we did force it at times, but for some reason they just weren’t going.”It took nearly two full periods for the both sides to earn their first power plays of the game, but neither could add to the scoresheet in the second stanza as the visitors carried their lead into the third at 1-0.More and more chances presented themselves in the final frame for Michigan to add to a one-goal advantage, or OSU to get back into the game. Frey and Nagelvoort continued to fight off waves of shots, but after 60 minutes, the Buckeyes dropped an important conference clash, 1-0, despite outshooting the Wolverines 42-23.“Down the stretch, I feel like we drew a few calls that normally we would actually get. But the reality is that we have to score some five-on-five goals,” Schilkey said. “We’ve got to be better offensively five-on-five, and that was kind of the theme of the night.”A home series with Michigan State, and a weekend trip to Wisconsin remain on the regular season slate for the Scarlet and Gray. With Big Ten seeding and NCAA tournament implications on the line in the closing weeks, Rohlik said his team can’t dwell on this loss to Michigan, and that their hopes of postseason play still remain in their control.“We just want to get back on the ice. We got to get back after it next week, and have a great week of practice,” he said. “We just got to go out and keep winning hockey games, and as hard as it is, we’ve got to put this one behind us and we’ve got to look forward to Michigan State next week.”Puck drop next Friday for Game One of a weekend series with the Spartans is set for 7 p.m., while the season’s home finale Saturday night is scheduled to begin at 8 p.m. read more

Football Ohio State headed to the Cotton Bowl to face USC

Ohio State players and coaches celebrate in the fourth quarter of the B1G Championship game against Wisconsin on Dec. 2 in Lucas Oil Stadium. Ohio State won 27-21. Credit: Jack Westerheide | Photo EditorNo. 5 Ohio State might not be reaching the College Football Playoff, but the Buckeyes will have a chance to make a statement facing off against Pac-12 champion No. 8 USC at AT&T Stadium in Dallas at 8:30 p.m. on Dec. 29.The winners of the Big Ten and Pac-12 conferences typically square off in the Rose Bowl, but this season, the Rose Bowl is one of the two playoff games and will be the matchup between No. 2 Oklahoma and No. 3 Georgia. The Buckeyes have played the Trojans 23 times since 1937, and USC holds the 13-9-1 edge in the matchup. USC has won all of the past seven matchups dating back to 1975, including wins in 2008 and 2009 when Jim Tressel and Pete Carroll squared off against one another. read more

Real Madrid will be more confident than Liverpool says Jurgen Klopp

first_imgNo matter who appears to hungrier come Saturday night, one thing is certain Real Madrid will go into it with vastly more experience. The first XI will be pretty the same from the one who has won three of the last four tournaments.Klopp on Thursday conceded that Real Madrid’s experience will be a ‘very important’ factor and says the Spanish side will be more confident when the game kicks off, according to Dailymail.‘Experience is very important in a final and I am pretty sure in the second before the game Real Madrid will be more confident than we are but that is not a problem because the game doesn’t end in that second, it only starts.‘We’ve had two weeks to prepare and analyse. I’ve looked at the teams they’ve played and they have played really strong teams but they never played us and we are Liverpool.‘Not only are we a really good football team but this club has in its DNA to go for the big things. We are Liverpool. Nobody expected us to be here but we are here because we are Liverpool. The team with the most goals in the run to the final – it’s us.divock origi, liverpoolReport: Origi cause Klopp injury concerns George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Divock Origi injury in today’s game against Newcastle is a cause for concern for Jurgen Klopp.Perhaps with one eye on Tuesday’s trip to Italy…‘I can’t believe it but it’s true.‘We scored the most goals and had exceptional performances. The experience they have is an advantage 100 per cent but in the game, experience does not help you all the time.‘We need to make it as difficult as we can for them. We cannot try to fight on their level but tactics in football are there to bring a better opponent to your level and when they are on your level you can beat them,’ he said in an interview with Dailymail.last_img read more

Candreva admits Inter was not up to standard

first_imgThe Nerazzurri ended their seven-wins-in-a-row run after being trashed 4-1 by Atalanta in the Italian Lega Serie AFor Internazionale Milan footballer Antonio Candreva, the club’s performance against Atalanta was not up to standard.The team was trashed 4-1 by Atalanta in the Italian Lega Serie A.“We know that performance was not up to standard, but it’s difficult to talk about it right now. We are aware of our strengths and our quality. We are Inter and must learn from our mistakes,” Candreva told Sky Sport Italia as quoted by Football Italia.Serie A, Gian Piero GasperiniGasperini reveals why he rejected Inter Manuel R. Medina – September 14, 2019 Atalanta manager, Gian Piero Gasperini, has revealed why he rejected Internazionale Milan’s job proposal over the summer transfer window.“This season we have more self-belief and help each other out. It’s tough for everyone to play in Bergamo, but we conceded the final two goals because we were trying so hard to get back into the game.”“We’ve got to look forward now and realize no match is simple. We’ve dropped a lot of points along the way against the smaller clubs, so Frosinone are not to be underestimated,” he added.“Only after that is done can we start to prepare for the trip to London against Tottenham Hotspur.”“It’s not easy, because of course, nobody is happy when not playing. Inter have so many strong players that the important thing is to ensure I am ready when called upon,” he added.last_img read more