By American Farm Bureau Federation – Dec 5, 2019 In fiscal year 2019, the H-2A farm labor program set a record for certified positions, which is the number of applications processed and approved. According to Veronica Nigh, American Farm Bureau Federation Economist, more than 258,000 certified positions is considered a milestone.“Passing the 250,000 positions is a big deal,” said Nigh. “This is the seventh consecutive year with increases in the H-2A program. A few years ago, the H-2A program was a vary minor part of U.S. on-farm employment.”While the national Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AEWR) will increase in 2020 to $13.99, a 6 percent increase from 2019, Nigh said increases will vary by region.“The region with the smallest growth rate of 1 percent is the Mountain 1 region of Idaho, Montana and Wyoming,” she said. “You compare that to the Corn Belt 1 region which includes Ohio, Indiana and Illinois and they’re looking at a 10 percent increase in wages compared to 2019.”Nigh said commodity prices are not keeping up with the growth in the AEWR, causing some concern for specialty crop growers.“The receipts data we see for fruits, nuts and vegetables haven’t kept pace with the growth in the AEWR,” said Nigh. “Over the last five years, the total cash receipts for those specialty crop growers have increased by 2 percent between 2015 and 2019 while the national AEWR increased by 17 percent.” Home Indiana Agriculture News H-2A Certified Positions Surpass 258,000 SHARE H-2A Certified Positions Surpass 258,000 SHARE Facebook Twitter Previous articleRanking Member Stabenow Applauds $24 Million for Farm Bill Climate-Smart Agriculture ProjectsNext articleIndiana Farm Applicator Brings Home Harley-Davidson Hardware American Farm Bureau Federation Facebook Twitter
At Bird Island, South Georgia, we surveyed the distribution and abundance of ticks on the vertebrate fauna and found only 1 species Ixodes uriae. We classified all seabird species into 3 groups: (1) seabirds nesting on the surface of the ground solitarily, in dispersed groups of a few nests, or in colonies with well-spaced nests; (2) seabirds nesting on the surface of the ground in dense colonies; and (3) seabirds nesting in dense colonies in burrows or rock crevices. We detected I. uriae only on 3 species of the second group that nested in large, dense, persistent colonies, i.e., black-browed albatross (Diomedea melanophrys), gray-headed albatross (Diomedea chrysostoma), and macaroni penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus). Ticks were found on the undersides of the feet on albatrosses but not on the undersides of the feet on penguins. We hypothesize that the coarse pebble nests of penguins, combined with the fact that their young walk around more than albatross young, make the environment on the underside of penguin feet more harsh and hostile for ticks than the underside of albatross feet. Despite the great abundance of Antarctic fur seals (Arctocephalus gazella) on the island, we found no ticks on them.
By Tommie Lee – December 22, 2020 0 300 Google+ Pinterest Twitter Pinterest Previous articleBerrien County Sheriff honors two civilians for their effort to assist first respondersNext articleSenator Young lukewarm on COVID-19 relief bill passed Tommie Lee By Know1one1 [CC BY-SA 3.0], from Wikimedia Commons The University of Notre Dame has received a Lilly Endowment Grant to help fund its Snite Museum of Art.It’s a five-year, $2.4 million grant through the Lilly Endowment’s Religion and Cultural Institutions Initiative. The funds will benefit an initiative on religion, spirituality and faith in the visual arts at the museum called “Inspiring Wonder.”Notre Dame and 17 other organizations across the country will receive the grants, which total more than $43 million. Twitter Facebook WhatsApp WhatsApp Google+ Notre Dame art museum receives Lilly Grant Facebook IndianaLocalNewsSouth Bend Market
Tags: Amateur, Mens, Portuguese 18 Feb 2018 Gill and Jones lead English challenge in Portgual England players, led by Bailey Gill and Ben Jones, put on an impressive performance in the Portuguese amateur men’s championship at the Montado golf resort, taking 10 of the top 20 places.Gill, from Lindrick, Yorkshire, and Jones, from Northamptonshire County, were joint runners-up alongside Denmark’s Sebastian Friedrichsen on 12-under par. The championship was won by Portugal’s Victor Lopes on 15-under.Gill birdied the last for a closing round of two-under 70, while Jones (pictured) charged up the leaderboard with his bogey-free 64.Three other English players completed top 10 finishes: Thomas Plumb (Sherborne, Dorset) was sixth on 10-under, after signing off with 66; Josh McMahon (Wallasey, Cheshire) was ninth on eight-under and Robin Williams (Peterborough Milton, Northamptonshire) was 10th on seven-under.Behind them were another five English players in the top 20: Conor Gough (Stoke Park, BB&O), Jason Stokes (La Moye, Jersey), Jake Bolton (Ogbourne Downs, Wiltshire), Harry Goddard (Hanbury Manor, Hertfordshire) and Tom Sloman (Taunton & Pickeridge, Somerset).Gill, Jones, McMahon and Sloman are members of the England Golf Men’s A Squad, while Williams and Goddard are in the Boys’ Squad.Image copyright Leaderboard Photography
“I thought we played good (Saturday) we just couldn’t capitalize on our chances,” Sookro explained. “(Today) we were moving our feet more and obviously capitalizing on those chances.”Sookro was one of the fast skating Leaf forwards, as twice he walked around Castlegar defenders to put the puck past Rebel goalie Nate Rabbitt, who had a strong case for suing his teammates for non-support through the latter stages of the game.Nelson scored twice early in the second as Travis Wellman, on the power play, and Blair Andrews increased the lead to 3-1.Before the period ended Carsen Willans and Sookro, with his first of two in the game, increased the advantage to four goals.The onslaught continued for the Leafs as Sookro, Matthew Naka, with his first of two in the game, and Dunlap, with his second goal, completed the scoring.The nine goals saw Rabbitt chased from the goal, replaced by backup Patrick Zubick.Nelson held a wide margin in shots, with a 42-20 advantage.The Leafs have a week to prepare for another round of Murdoch Division tests as Beaver Valley Nitehawks return to the Heritage City for a Friday contest.Saturday Nelson travels to Grand Forks to face the improved Grand Forks Border Bruins.LEAF NOTES: A five-point weekend made Family Weekend a success for the franchise. Every year Leaf management invites player parents to Nelson to watch a few games. . . .Jamie Vlanich of the Leafs and Seth Schmidt of Castlegar, got an early shower Sunday after exchanging blows during a second-period fight. . . . Vlanich had two points to move into second spot in KIJHL scoring. Teammate Travis Wellman finished with four points, including his KIJHL leading 14th and 15th goals, to move into a tie for fifth spot in league scoring. . . .Sunday, assistant coaches Sean Dooley of the Leafs and Castlegar’s Bruno Tassone got into a jawing match at the team benches during the second period and were ejected from the game. . . .Matthew Naka and Aaron Dunlap each finished the game with three points while Carsen Willans and Blair Andrews checked in with two points. . . . Tyler Moffat played all three games during the weekend to run his season record to 6-1. . . . Saturday, Castlegar rallied from a 2-0 deficit with goals from Diego Bartlett. Vlanich and Linden Horswill scored for the Leafs. Nelson out shot the Rebels 41-33 in the contest. The Castlegar Rebels paid in spades for spoiling the Nelson Leafs unbeaten start to the Kootenay International Junior Hockey League season Saturday night.After spotting the Rebels a 1-0 lead, Nelson scored nine unanswered goals en route to a convincing 9-1 shellacking of Castlegar Sunday afternoon at the NDCC Arena in the rematch of the home-and-home series between the two West Kootenay rivals.The win gives Nelson (8-0-1-1) a three-point advantage after a tough three-game Thanksgiving stint against two of the Murdoch Division heavyweights Beaver Valley and Castlegar.“That’s for sure that was definitely a bounce-back game for us after losing in overtime (to Castlegar) last night,” said Nelson forward Brandon Sookro following his four-point game to lead the Leafs scoring attack.After defeating the Leafs 3-2 in overtime Saturday thanks to a Derek Georgopoulos extra time marker, the visitors continued carry the momentum when Lindan Calliou scored on Nelson netminder Tyler Moffat less than three minutes into the game.Aaron Dunlap tied the game two minutes later before Nelson unleashed its offence in the final 40 minutes, scoring four times in each of the second and third periods.
Thomas Proctor3264319%$461,850 SHARED BELIEF ON TARGET FOR $1 MILLION BIG ‘CAPUNDEFEATED DORTMUND WORKS, SAN FELIPE NEXT? STEVENS RECALLS SEABISCUIT AND GEORGE WOOLFKOBE‘S BACK IS BACK FOR THE SAN CARLOS STAKESPURE TACTICS STEPS UP IN GRADE I KILROE MILEPOTENTIALLY BIG PAY DAYS LOOM ON BIG ‘CAP DAYRIDING GREAT JERRY LAMBERT DEAD AT AGE OF 74 Mike Puype6251088%$278,896 Peter Eurton55118720%$546,828 Carla Gaines3154216%$317,105 Felipe Valdez3166519%$146,798 James Cassidy4575916%$270,050 RATTATAPTAP KNOCKING ON DOOR FOR SANTA YSABEL WINRattataptap suffered her only loss in three starts in the Santa Ynez Stakes on Jan. 3. Whatever chance she had in the Grade III race went out the window at the start, when she hopped and bobbled.After that, she pretty much did the best she could, eventually finishing some 18 lengths behind victorious Seduire. Aside from that, Rattataptap would be perfect, since she won her two other starts, her last by 4 ¾ lengths at Santa Anita on Jan. 29.At 1 1/16 miles, the Santa Ysabel is the first start beyond 6 ½ furlongs for the daughter of Tapit, trained by Jeff Bonde for Mark DeDomenico, Jerry Durant and Michael House.“She’s training really well and her last start, she looked like she had plenty left, as to going a little further,” Bonde said.The Santa Ysabel: Danette, Fernando Perez, 20-1; Curling’s Fox, Mike Smith, 5-2; Enchanting Lady, Martin Garcia, 3-1; Achiever’s Legacy, Gary Stevens, 15-1; Rainha da Bateria, Tiago Pereira, 10-1; Light the City, Kent Desormeaux, 7-2; Rattataptap, Rafael Bejarano, 4-1; Stella Wind, Victor Espinoza, 12-1; and Glory, Drayden Van Dyke, 6-1.KOBE‘S BACK RETURNS IN SAN CARLOS STAKESKobe isn’t back, but Kobe’s Back is back. A 4-year-old son of Flatter trained by Peter Eurton for owners C R K Stable, Kobe’s Back is named for the sidelined Lakers’ superstar Kobe Bryant.After a seven-month absence, Kobe’s Back is scheduled to make his return to the races in next Saturday’s Grade II San Carlos Stakes for 4-year-olds and up at seven furlongs. The gray colt has been working forwardly under Gary Stevens, who rides in the San Carlos.“He’s been working really well,” Eurton said, “and Gary and I both love the seven-eighths. Eventually, Gary even thinks he’ll go a lot further, which is something he’s never been able to do, although he did try twice (clipping heels in the CashCall Futurity at 1 1/16 miles in December 2013 and finishing an eventful seventh in the Grade II Rebel on a wet/fast track at 1 1/16 miles last March).“But the San Carlos is the plan for now. If he does well there, we’ll just kind of take one race at a time. But he is training very well. He loves this race track. He’s doing well here.“He missed all that time because of minor knee surgery. They took a little flake out, then they brought him back a couple months later.” Bob Baffert661314920%$1,231,398 Tiago Pereira80971211%$303,424 Elvis Trujillo14016171111%$997,792 Mark Glatt4678715%$371,324 Santiago Gonzalez5955118%$188,354 Joseph Talamo15217162511%$1,180,122 SANTA ANITA HOSTS SEABISCUIT SCREENING SATURDAY, STEVENS AVAILABLEIn celebration of the 75th anniversary of the mighty Seabiscuit’s win in the 1940 Santa Anita Handicap, Santa Anita Park will host a post race screening of the 2003 blockbuster hit movie “Seabiscuit” following the races this Saturday.The film, which was nominated for seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, starred Tobey Maguire, Jeff Bridges, Chris Cooper, Elizabeth Banks, William H. Macy and active Hall of Fame jockey Gary Stevens. It is regarded by many as perhaps the greatest racetrack-themed film of all time. (Stevens, who played the legendary George Woolf in the film, will be available to media prior to the screening in the Paddock Area).“Seabiscuit is a great part of Santa Anita history, thanks to his storied win in the Big ‘Cap, followed by the book and the movie, in which I was able to portray George Woolf,” Stevens said Thursday morning. “That was a great honor for me.“It’s been 12 years since the movie, but it doesn’t seem like it. It seems like only yesterday. Seabiscuit is a great piece of history, along with Santa Anita.”Admission to the Seabiscuit movie screening will begin at 6:30 p.m. and is free to fans attending the races ($5 General Admission). For those arriving after 5 p.m., admission is $10.Along with being nominated for Best Picture, Seabiscuit, which was directed by Gary Ross, also received Academy Award nominations for: Best Writing; Adapted Screenplay; Best Cinematography; Best Film Editing; Best Art Direction/Set Decoration; Best Costume Design; and Best Sound Mixing.“Seabiscuit” will be shown on a giant 60-foot screen in Santa Anita’s Paddock Gardens area and the track will also provide several Food Trucks and Dessert options as well as music for fans to enjoy in conjunction with the screening.The Seabiscuit event will serve as a prelude to the 78th running of the Grade I, $1 million Santa Anita Handicap a week from Saturday, March 7.For more information on the Seabiscuit screening and to make reservations for the Santa Anita Handicap, please visit santaanita.com or call (626) 574-RACE. Martin Garcia9317131218%$1,263,760 Brice Blanc3162319%$239,262 Brandon Boulanger915585%$163,086 DORTMUND COULD RUN IN SAN FELIPE NEXT SATURDAYDortmund, unbeaten in four starts and a major player on the Triple Crown trail, workedseven furlongs on Santa Anita’s main track Thursday morning in 1:25.60 under regular rider Martin Garcia. Dortmund galloped out a mile in 1:38.Asked if the son of 2008 Kentucky Derby winner Big Brown was possible to start in next Saturday’s Grade II San Felipe Stakes at 1 1/16 miles instead of waiting for the Santa Anita Derby on April 4, trainer Bob Baffert said, “anything’s possible.”Promising maiden winner Prospect Park, definite at this point for the San Felipe, is scheduled to work shortly for the $400,000 race that offers 50 Kentucky Derby qualifying points to the winner.“I brought him up from San Luis Rey the day before yesterday,” trainer Cliff Sise Jr. said. “He galloped great here Wednesday, and now we’ve got to determine whether we work tomorrow or Saturday,” depending on the weather. “I’d rather work Saturday, because that’s a week out (from the race), but, you can’t work if the track’s closed.” Also probable for the San Felipe are unbeaten Delta Jackpot winner Ocho Ocho Ocho and Baffert trainee Lord Nelson, who upset Breeders’ Cup Juvenile winner Texas Red in the San Vicente Stakes on Feb. 1.Ocho Ocho Ocho worked six furlongs for Jim Cassidy Thursday in a bullet 1:12, while El Camino Real Derby winner Metaboss, scheduled to run in the Spiral at Turfway Park on March 27 for trainer Jeff Bonde, worked five furlongs in 1:02.80. Drayden Van Dyke13215151811%$817,156 Tyler Baze18124191813%$1,360,584 Mario Gutierrez724946%$258,540 TrainerSts1st2nd3rdWin%Money Won Kent Desormeaux11924221520%$1,366,650 Flavien Prat80109713%$509,086 Martin Pedroza1171117159%$506,004 Mike Smith7215141121%$1,337,491 Michael Pender2964221%$155,720 Rafael Bejarano16440252224%$1,841,334 Jerry Hollendorfer10721141620%$2,077,638 A. C. Avila2261327%$149,974 SANTA ANITA STATISTICS Jeff Bonde2590336%$320,760 $1 MILLION LATE PICK 4 GUARTANTEE ON BIG ‘CAP DAYShared Belief is expected to rule a prohibitive favorite in the $1 million Santa Anita Handicap on March 7, but that won’t prevent fans from trying to land a game-changing score.There will be huge guaranteed pools that day, including a $1 million Late Pick 4 and a $150,000 Pick 6, in addition to three other graded stakes besides the Big ‘Cap, with Triple Crown hopefuls spotlighted in the Grade II, $400,000 San Felipe Stakes.Also, there will be a Beerfest and live music in the infield. First post time will be 12 noon.RACING MOURNS PASSING OF TOP RIDER JERRY LAMBERTJerry Lambert, one of California’s leading jockeys through the 1960s and ’70s was found dead Monday morning at his place of employment, Magali Farms in Santa Ynez, Calif., by his daughter, Lacey, who is also employed at the farm.Born in Clyde, Kansas, on Dec. 27, 1940, Lambert, 74, was best known as the regular rider of the jet-black Hall of Fame gelding Native Diver, with whom Lambert won three consecutive Hollywood Gold Cups in 1965, ’66 and ’67. “The Black Horse” as Lambert often referred to him, had a keen temperament and front-running style that was perfectly complemented by Lambert’s deft touch.“He was a great rider,” said retired Hall of Fame jockey Donald Pierce. “I rode with him from the time he came to California in 1961 until I retired (early 1984). Anytime he was in a race, you had to deal with him because he didn’t make mistakes. He was very quiet, very low key and he’d come and beat you when you’d least expect it. He was a lot like Shoe. He was very quiet to be around and to ride with.”Santa Anita’s leading Winter/Spring Meet rider in 1967-’68 with 77 winners in 72 days of racing, “Clyde” as he was known to his contemporaries, was also leading rider at Santa Anita’s Oak Tree Meeting in 1972 with 30 winners. Known as a great judge of pace and blessed with light hands and a cool demeanor, Lambert’s career was often stymied by his love of the outdoors, which resulted in a number of protracted absences from the saddle.“I think maybe the best indication of how good he was, was that every time he came back, he had a lot of business,” said Pierce. “Buster Millerick (trainer of Native Diver) loved him and whenever Jerry would come back to ride, Buster put him on horses which was very unusual then, ’cause those older guys didn’t like it when you took off and were gone for a while. Most of the time, when you took off, those horses went to other jocks and that’s the way it was.”Lambert, who was also Del Mar’s leading rider in 1967, was an integral part of one of American Racing’s all-time greatest match races, which pitted trainer A.T. “Tommy” Doyle’s Typecast against trainer Willard Proctor’s Convenience at a mile and one eighth on June 17, 1972 at Hollywood Park.Typecast, who was ridden by Bill Shoemaker, was favored over Convenience, but Lambert, in the opinion of many observers, rode a race for the ages, enabling Convenience to prevail by a head in a $250,000 winner-take-all thriller witnessed by an on-track crowd of 53,575.“Not too many people out-rode Shoemaker, but Jerry had him in his hip pocket that day,” said trainer Tom Proctor, who was a 16-year-old groom at the time. “He had Shoe in a bad spot going into the first turn and again when they turned for home. He had Shoe where he wanted him and he drifted out, so Shoe had to come inside. I never saw my dad get nervous, but he was that day. There were 53,000 ‘paid’ there and from the time the horses came into the old paddock in front of the grandstand, I don’t think anyone sat down. Jerry was a horse-backer and that was a big win for Glen Hill Farm.”Lambert enjoyed a career resurgence in 1987, riding at Bay Meadows and Golden Gate Fields for trainers such as Jack Arterburn and Jerry Dutton, but his roll was derailed when he sustained a life-threatening spill going into the far turn at Pleasanton in July, ’87, which resulted in a broken cheekbone, broken ankle and collapsed lung.Commenting on the incident in a Los Angeles Times article on Feb. 1, 1988, veteran turf writer and handicapper Gordon Jones said, “Too bad. Jerry Lambert was riding as well as I’ve ever seen him ride, and then for that to happen . . . ”Lambert was a winner of the 1995 Darley Award, given annually to America’s top Arabian-bred jockey and he finished up his riding career at Los Alamitos, where he dominated the track’s Arabian-bred standings from 1994-1998.“Jerry may’ve had the best set of hands I’ve ever seen,” said Los Al track announcer, Ed Burgart. “He sat a horse perfect and he never abused his mounts. They ran out of their minds for Jerry; he just had that magic touch.”A winner of Santa Anita’s George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award in 1971, Lambert, who broke his maiden on a half-mile bullring in Shelby, Montana, in 1958, won 2,535 Thoroughbred races and retired with 42 stakes wins at Santa Anita, 54 at Hollywood Park and 30 stakes triumphs at Del Mar.According to Lacey Lambert, her father, who had been in poor health, died of natural causes. Funeral services are pending.FINISH LINES: Winning Prize, scratched from Sunday’s Joe Hernandez Stakes when the race was moved from turf to dirt, worked seven furlongs on turf Thursday in 1:30 for the Kilroe under the tutelage of Neil Drysdale . . . Tom Quigley‘s guest handicappers in the East Paddock Gardens this weekend at 11:20 a.m. will be Steve Unite, Horseplayer and 2007 Jeopardy Tournament of Champions quarterfinalist on Saturday, and jockey Aaron Gryder on Sunday . . . Popular Santa Anita horn blower Jay Cohen will host the show at Pasadena’s Ice House on Wednesday, March 4, 7:30 p.m. (Current Through Sunday, Feb. 22) OWNERS ‘NITA WINNER’ IN GRADE I KILROE MILEPure Tactics jumps from a victory in the restricted Clockers’ Corner Stakes at about 6 ½ furlongs on turf to the grassy Grade I Frank E. Kilroe Mile next Saturday, but Doug O’Neill is optimistic about the chances of the Texas-bred horse, who has nine wins from 21 career starts.“He’s very versatile,” the trainer said. “We do think his best distance is eight furlongs. Obviously, the Kilroe is a big step up from the restricted stakes he just won, but he’s doing well and it’s in our own back yard.“The owners are great people, super-patient, Doug and Anita Cole, from the Midwest. They own a bunch of spas that are like the Burk Williams spas in California. His wife’s name is Nita, so Doug made a play on words by calling the ownership ‘Nita Winner’ LLC.” Corey Nakatani831481217%$708,118 Edwin Maldonado781141014%$398,026 Gary Stevens6611101217%$926,020 Peter Miller1001820818%$1,036,136 Fernando Perez1151014109%$507,022 Richard Baltas4487318%$335,038 Victor Espinoza11921241418%$1,370,508 Ron Ellis3883621%$303,180 Doug O’Neill103910159%$554,436 John Sadler788141210%$595,976 Mark Casse4385519%$633,598 Philip D’Amato47118723%$507,210 Hector Palma2363126%$129,150 Richard Mandella4287719%$418,586 JockeyMts1st2nd3rdWin%Money Won SHARED BELIEF WORKS WELL FOR SANTA ANITA HANDICAPOnce-beaten male 2-year-old champion of 2013 Shared Belief worked five furlongsTuesday in 1:00.40 at Golden Gate Fields and will have one more major drill over the Tapeta surface at his home base next Tuesday before vanning Wednesday morning to Santa Anita for final preparations for the $1 million Santa Anita Handicap next Saturday, March 7.“He’ll be checked out after that last work and if everything’s OK, ship early Wednesday and arrive at Santa Anita around noon,” said Dan Ward, Hall of Fame trainer Jerry Hollendorfer’s assistant.San Pasqual Stakes winner Hoppertunity worked five furlongs Thursday in a minute flat, after which Bob Baffert said he would wait for the Big ‘Cap weights, to be released late this Saturday, before making a final decision on Hoppertunity’s Big ‘Cap status. -30-
Plants may be mostly stationary, but they have connections. They are so well connected, in fact, that they have both intranets, extranets and internets. Inside their own vessels, they communicate with proteins and RNA molecules from root to shoot (04/23/2010); outside, they have many social relationships with other organisms. They even “friend” their partners, just like humans do on Facebook. Ferris Jabr wrote about plant communication on New Scientist this week. “The botanical underground is a social network of powerful alliances and nepotism,” the article began. “Decoding its messages could lead to radical change in farms and forests.” Jabr wrote in terms of Darwinian competition, survival, antagonism, defense and kin selection, but the story is really about amazing mechanisms plants employ to communicate. We’ve known for some time that plants respond to one another, but only now are we realising how subtle and sophisticated their interactions can be. Plants continually eavesdrop on each other’s chemical chatter – sometimes sympathetically, sometimes selfishly. Some plants, like the Scandinavian rhododendron, assist their neighbours by sharing resources. Others recognise close relatives and favour them over strangers. And at least one parasitic plant homes in on its host’s telltale chemical scent…. “Plants don’t go out to parties or to watch the movies, but they do have a social network,” says Suzanne Simard, a forest ecologist at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada. “They support each other and they fight with each other. The more we look at plant signalling and communication, the more we learn. It’s really incredible.”Attributing selfishness or pugnacity to plants is, of course, an unjustified anthropomorphism. Without eyes, ears or brains, plants have uncanny abilities to send signals and respond to them. Some of these, Jabr described in the article, are volatile compounds wafted through the air. Even more amazing, though, are highways of fungal filaments in the soil that can relay messages and nutrients from plant to plant:Beneath the forest floor, each spoonful of dirt contains millions of tiny organisms. These bacteria and fungi form a symbiotic relationship with plant roots, helping their hosts absorb water and vital elements like nitrogen in return for a steady supply of nutrients. Now closer inspection has revealed that fungal threads physically unite the roots of dozens of trees, often of different species, into a single mycorrhizal network. These webs sprawled beneath our feet are genuine social networks.Through these fungal highways, plants share not only nutrients, but information, Jabr said. “When a caterpillar starts to munch on a tomato plant, for example, the leaves produce noxious compounds that both repel the attacker and stimulate neighbouring plants to ready their own defences.” Plants recognize their own species and work together for the common good. But plants are also within communities of diverse organisms that benefit from each other’s contributions to the community. We can’t yet speak the language of plants, but we know they speak through codes made of “soluble compounds including phenols, flavonoids, sugars, organic acids, amino acids and proteins, secreted by roots into the rhizosphere.” Even though “How these indicate relatedness is still a mystery,” a practical application would be for farmers to plant crops with the plants’ “friends” – “the strategic positioning of different crops or garden plants so they benefit one another by deterring pests, attracting pollinators and improving nutrient uptake.” In other words, instead of planting pesticide-drenched monoculture crops, they could go back to methods of Native Americans, who used such techniques for centuries.Did these capabilities evolve slowly over millions of years? Darwin’s “abominable mystery” – the emergence of flowering plants, the largest and most diverse group of plants on earth – was dealt another blow this week. Beautiful, detailed leaves that look like they were pressed in a book were found exquisitely preserved in the Jehol strata in China, reported New Scientist. Being dated at 123 million years old puts an advanced angiosperm “roughly contemporary with the ancestors of all flowering plants around today.” Reporter Colin Barras claimed that “Flowering plants had an evolutionary edge over the conifers and other gymnosperms that were around at the time, and rapidly took over.” The problem with such explanations, though, is not the survival of the fittest, but the arrival of the fittest. Even assuming their own timeline, evolutionists have no explanation for how complex plants, communications networks and all, seemed to appear abruptly, fully formed, without ancestors.Darwinism is the hacker in the social network, the malware among people just wanting to share good news.(Visited 36 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0