Lady Spartans win home tournament with thriller over West Valley

first_imgRed Bluff >> The Red Bluff Lady Spartans beat the West Valley Eagles 54-46 Saturday night to claim the Holiday Classic championship trophy.In a game that was close the entire way, the Spartans took an early lead but the Eagles wouldn’t back off, tieing it at 16 in the second period before falling behind again and going into the half down 30-21. The Eagles hung around in the third and took the lead 37-33 with 3 minutes in the period, but the Spartans came back and a three-pointer from Jesse …last_img read more

What’s the latest on Warriors’ injury report?

first_imgKlay Thompson subscribes. You can too for just 11 cents a day for 11 months + receive a free Warriors Championship book. Sign me up!OAKLAND — Warriors forward Andre Iguodala sat out of Sunday’s game against the Los Angeles Clippers at Oracle Arena.Iguoudala has missed his third consecutive game because of left toe soreness, while Shaun Livingston initially was considered questionable after missing the second half of Friday’s game against Cleveland because of a left knee contusion. Warriors …last_img read more

Snowball Earth Theory Not Set in Stone

first_img(Visited 664 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Give an idea a name, and it can assume a reality in the imagination, even if there’s no evidence for it.Tae Hamm, writing for Glacier Hub, asks, “Was the Earth ever frozen solid?” Hamm, a student in climate science at Columbia University, reveals that a popular theory for the early earth before the explosion of multicellular life is a subject of debate among old-earth evolutionists. The usual story goes, “many scientists are coming up with hypotheses about a global ice age during the Cryogenian, a geologic period that lasted from 720 to 635 million years ago.” But did it really happen? A version of her article was posted May 4 by Columbia’s Earth Institute.  Where did the idea come from?NASA cartoon of “Snowball Earth” as featured in Tae Hamm’s articleRecent research on glacial refugia has been heating up the debate about this ice age, brewing a contention over the extent to which the glaciation covered the Earth. Two main hypotheses are on the table: “Snowball Earth” theory, which argues that ice covered the entire Earth, and “Slushball Earth” hypothesis, where the band of the sea near the equator stayed open, allowing the hydrologic cycle—the evaporation and precipitation of water— to persist.The term Snowball Earth was first coined by Joe Kirschvink, a geobiologist at CalTech in the late 1980s. The theory was based on the early observation that glacial deposits from this time were widely distributed on nearly every continent, with some geologic evidence even suggesting glaciation at tropical latitudes.Kirschvink believed he had theoretical support from two positive-feedback effects that would have accelerated and sustained the frozen earth. What he didn’t consider, though, was a negative feedback loop that would have counteracted the lowering temperatures. Critics of the Snowball Earth hypothesis also point to “glacial refugia,” places where life continued to flourish. Hamm writes,Replica of the article’s use of an AOI image.The debate of hard versus slushy Snowball Earth becomes more enigmatic at the end of the Cryogenic period and start of Cambrian, when the so-called “Cambrian explosion” of animal life occurs. The Cambrian explosion refers to a short interval during which many multicellular animals in diverse forms appeared on the surface of the Earth. Critics of Snowball Earth argue that such a dramatic increase in biodiversity within a short period of time would not have been able to happen in a hard Snowball Earth scenario, as many organisms prior to the explosion would have gone extinct. The supporters of Snowball Earth, on the other hand, argue that the biodiversity is simply the result of the robust micro-organisms that survived the Snowball Earth, evolving in size as well as anatomical complexity through time.The article takes no final position, but relies on futureware. Better climate models are needed, he says, and more study of organisms to figure out what happened. Either way, “Neither of these hypotheses is set in stone, but rather are part of an ongoing debate that requires much clarification.” Hamm does not clarify how short the Cambrian Explosion was. At best, all the major animal phyla appeared in 40 million years. More realistically, the main pulse of the diversification occurred in 5 million Darwin Years, with many new phyla appearing suddenly without any ancestors at all.Update 5/08/18: Shortly after this article went to press, Astrobiology Magazine posted another theory to explain Snowball Earth (which it assumes really occurred). The secret: plate tectonics.In the new study, Stern and Miller provide new insights by suggesting that the onset of plate tectonics likely initiated the changes on Earth’s surface that led to Snowball Earth. They argue that plate tectonics is the event that can explain 22 theories that other scientists have advanced as triggers of the Neoproterozoic Snowball Earth.Two things seem odd about this notion coming out of two universities in Texas. One is that 22 theories were required to explain what could be fake history, a figment of scientists’ need to make things old. The other is their frank admission that “Earth is the only body in our solar system known to currently have plate tectonics.…” Doesn’t that make the Earth stand out as exceptional? It also means that they have no other world to compare to Earth, to see whether or not the onset of plate tectonics triggers a snowball world. In science, explanations for one-off events—untestable and unobservable—should be treated with skepticism.Few readers may notice that Tae Hamm borrowed the illustation “Explosion of Life” (shown above) from a creationist website, Alpha Omega Institute. It was lifted from a blog post, where Brian Mariani at AOI was showing both sides of Cambrian Explosion issue, first the naturalistic/evolutionary perspective (where the illustration was posted on 03 Dec 2003), and then the creationist answer (06 Dec 2003). The poster is apparently from an exhibit at the Denver Museum. Hamm credits the illustration with a link to AOI’s Discover Creation website, suggesting that Hamm (or the editor at GlacierHub) went hunting for an illustration of the Cambrian Explosion, found this one, and reprinted it without necessarily reading or agreeing with Mariani’s article. Interestingly, this image was omitted on Columbia University’s 04 May 2018 reprint of Hamm’s article the following week, suggesting that editors at Columbia noticed this and did not want to give publicity to creationists. It was also omitted on‘s reprint. This is just speculation, but seems reasonable, given Darwinians’ policy of ignoring creationists when not lambasting them. We hope Tae Hamm did not get ousted from his degree program at Columbia for this ‘snafu’.The important thing is that the Snowball Earth hypothesis, as he said, is not “set in stone.” Behind the stories told to the public are often vigorous debates hidden behind the scenes, as if the cooks in the kitchen have a knock-down, drag-out fight before serving their steaming dish of pottage with a big smile to the customers. “Snowball Earth” is a made-up phrase, like “Late Heavy Bombardment” or “Cryogenic Period,” that reifies a particular interpretation of the evidence, and conjures up visions of cartoon realities. Cartoon illustrations are models of figments in scientists’ imaginations about the unobservable past, not realities. Evidence for an Ice Age are strong, creationists agree, but when it occurred, and for how long, are matters of interpretation of the same evidence available to all. Creationists find suitable causes for a single ice age in the Flood, during which warm oceans from the fountains of the great deep (Genesis 7:11) would have led to massive amounts of precipitation; indeed, you can’t get low-latitude glaciation from a cold ocean. Creationists also explain the retreat of the glaciers after the Flood, because the climate oscillated back as the oceans cooled again after the heavy snowfall, reaching equilibrium. Evolutionary geophysicists cannot explain how a frozen Earth could ever recover. The reflective ice over a cold ocean would have lowered Earth temperatures further, locking it into a permanent snowball condition.More ridiculous is the evolutionary notion that the end of a Precambrian ice age (whether Snowball or Slushball version) led to an “Explosion of Life!” as the poster teachers. Are visitors to the Denver Museum told this? Are they encouraged to hear both sides of the debate? Are they encouraged to read Stephen Meyer’s book Darwin’s Doubt? Does the museum loop the film Darwin’s Dilemma next to the poster? That will be the day. The curators at the museum probably don’t even quote Darwinians who find the Cambrian Explosion to be a huge, unanswered challenge, because Darwinism must be presented to the public as fact, about which scientists are all in perfect agreement.One can only hope that viewers of this poster will think for themselves, “How could such an amazing diversity of body plans arise in a geological instant?” or “How could a rise in oxygen, or melting glaciers, create complex specified body plans like these?” Darwin envisioned slow, gradual accumulation of beneficial variations by natural selection. This poster shows the fossil reality. All these animal body plans, with articulating limbs, guts, eyes and behaviors, appear at the base of the Cambrian suddenly without ancestors. That’s creation, not evolution.Denver Museum poster of the Cambrian Explosionlast_img read more

In peak shape, Seema Antil hopes to grab the spotlight at the Olympics

first_imgKrishna Poonia versus Seema Antil is not as hyped as many other rivalries in Indian sport. Yet, as D-day nears for the London Olympics opening ceremony, the tall Seema is looking confident.Almost shying away from the media at a party on Monday night, Seema is playing the quiet game. “Talk to my coach please,” she said when a couple of mediapersons approached her.”Insi miliye, yee mere husband hain,” she said again, trying to deflect the attention. However, after the pleasantries, it was time for Seema to talk.Having spent almost 10 months training in California, Seema says she has got stronger and is ready for the big day. The drug spectre has haunted her for long and now she knows it’s all about competing fair and square in the unpredictable weather of London.The small, light-red tilak on her forehead did suggest she has been praying hard and hopes to do well. But at an event as big as the Olympics, nothing is because of chance.”The time has come and I am ready. Nobody can now offer any excuse,” says Seema, looking quite relaxed.Having been through her share of lows as well, when she first tested positive for drugs, Seema is aware what it will be like in London.Seema looked surprised when she was asked how she was feeling.”I am feeling good sir,” said a shy Seema, almost refusing to move away from her husband who stood at attention. “I am in peak shape and no fitness worries,” she added as she again tried to engage her coach to be involved in the conversation.More questions followed, as she was asked if the focus on Krishna Poonia was upsetting her. “People probably don’t know me well but I’m happy to be away from limelight and recently threw 62.30 metres in a competition in UK,” she said.At the same time, Krishna had thrown just close to 61 metres.Seema’s own expectations are that on current form she is hoping to make the final. At this point, finally, coach Tony Ciarelly stepped in.Looking rugged and ready to talk, Ciarelly spoke of how Seema had worked hard. “Yeah, she has worked with me now for almost a year though it could have been longer,” he said.”In my view, the strongest thing about Seema is she works hard. I have been able to work on her technique and tact and she is able to hurl the discus freely. The weather in London may be unpredictable but if it gets slippery, I am confident Seema will still do well,” said coach Ciarelly.”Her fitness is good and she is fully aware of her body which any athlete should be,” he adds.So what is Seema capable of? “Let’s be honest, I’m looking at the finals. At least 4-5 girls are better than the two Indian girls Seema and Krishna who I saw for the first time last week.”It’s bright and sunny now but if the weather changes, count Seema in. She is capable of 64-65m… so you never know,” he said.Seema won bronze medal at the Commonwealth Games in New Delhi. This time, she is aware nothing can be left to chance.advertisementlast_img read more

Champion athletes feel more encouragement needed to promote sports, future stars

first_imgOlympic bronze medallist boxer MC Mary Kom believes schools need to do a lot more to promote sports and nurture future stars.”Sportspersons get the spotlight only when a big event like the Olympics or Asian Games is around the corner and we win medals in them. For those who triumph, there is a financial windfall, but athletes toiling hard at national events hardly get any recognition,” Mary said after the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) felicitated her and London Olympic silver medallist shooter Vijay Kumar on Tuesday.”The schools should also help in promoting sports by holding competitions at regular intervals and providing adequate infrastructure.” She also said that the assistance of foreign coaches plays a critical part in the success of the athletes at various levels, but added they should work alongside Indian coaches.”The assistance of foreign coaches becomes necessary when it comes to winning close bouts. The Indian coaches are also good, but with the technical input of the foreign coaches, we can perform much better,” she said.Vijay said that the corporates also need to step up their investment in non-cricket sports and start supporting sportspersons from the initial stages of development.”The corporate houses should support sportspersons when they are starting out. They will feel more secure and will be more motivated to perform,” Vijay said.Meanwhile, in a session on the viability of broadcasting non-cricket sports, shooter Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore, who was one of the panelists, felt that sportsmanship needs to be harnessed in kids.”Indians have sportsman spirit but we need to give children the infrastructure in their vicinity for sports and games,” he said.Former athlete Ashwini Nachappa stressed the need for developing community sports.Nimbus unperturbedMeanwhile, Nimbus Communications boss Harish Thawani said he is prepared to take on the upcoming Hockey India League (HIL).He said he was pretty satisfied with the response the rival World Series Hockey got in the first year and having two leagues won’t do the game any harm.”I welcome competition and it would be good for the game. I am pretty happy with the ratings and response in the first season. I am aware that Hockey India is also planning to hold its league in a big way but I’m confident of my product,” Thawani told Mail Today. Thawani also said that it is highly unlikely that Nimbus will bid for the English Premier League’s sub- continental TV rights, which are coming up for renewal.advertisementlast_img read more

Jamaica Committed To Disaster Risk Management – McKenzie

first_img He pointed out that Jamaica’s efforts are in recognition of the important link between reducing disaster risks and achieving the development objectives. Minister of Local Government and Community Development, Hon. Desmond McKenzie, says Jamaica will adhere to the guidelines of the United Nations Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Management. The key objective of the framework is to achieve a substantial reduction of disaster risks and loss of lives, livelihood and health as well as preserving the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities and countries. Minister of Local Government and Community Development, Hon. Desmond McKenzie, says Jamaica will adhere to the guidelines of the United Nations Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Management.He made the commitment while speaking at the three-day Sixth Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in the Americas conference, held in Cartagena, Colombia, from June 19 to 21.“Jamaica is serious about the business of disaster risk management and the strengthening of the partnership with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to build greater levels of resilience as a nation,” said Mr. McKenzie.He pointed out that Jamaica’s efforts are in recognition of the important link between reducing disaster risks and achieving the development objectives.The three-day conference was organised to allow government, non-governmental and private organisations to share their experiences and chart the way forward as they work together to implement the Sendai Framework approved in 2015.The Framework is a 15-year voluntary agreement (2015-2030) that recognises that respective states have the primary responsibility to reduce disaster risks, but that responsibility should also be shared with other stakeholders, including local government and the private sector.The key objective of the framework is to achieve a substantial reduction of disaster risks and loss of lives, livelihood and health as well as preserving the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities and countries. Story Highlightslast_img read more